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The Essay in Cinema was organized by The Austrian Film Museum and originally presented at the Viennale (Vienna International Film Festival) in October 2007.
[quote]The extensive programme was curated by the French filmmaker and theorist Jean-Pierre Gorin who lives and teaches in San Diego and whose own work - partly created in collaboration with Jean-Luc Godard - includes important contributions to the "essayistic strategy” in cinema. Gorin has selected 60 works from 20 nations - among them a number of classics of film history as well as numerous (re-)discoveries.
Beyond the characteristic and often-quoted elements - such as the presence of the author’s voice and the first person singular perspective chosen by many of these films - the essay film according to Gorin "is a rumination in Nietzsche's sense of the word, the meandering of an intelligence that tries to multiply the entries and the exits into the material it has elected (or has been elected by).[/quote]
The Vienna Actionists created "action art," transgressive films, 1960s and '70s.
Directors include: Günter Brus, Otto Mühl, Hermann Nitsch, Rudolf Schwarzkogler, (Kurt Kren, Otmar Bauer, Ed/Irm Sommer).
Other artists associated within the "group": Arnulf Rainer, Gerhard Rühm, Oswald Wiener, Weibel, Josef Dvorak, Herbert Stumpfl, Valie Export, Heinz Cibulka, Anni Brus, Alfons Schilling, Adolf Frohner, .